Meghalaya, a hilly state with its diverse agro-climatic ecological conditions characterized by high rainfall and endowed with potentially rich natural resources, is at present under intense pressure and thread due to depletion of the three basic resources of life supporting system, that is, land, water and vegetation induced by natural and human and livestock, over exploitation of natural resources, ill/inadequate land management practices etc, which are further exerting pressure on the natural environment. This has led to further deterioration of the ecosystem leading to an increase in the incidence of flash floods, sedimentation of streambeds and water reservoirs, land degradation, emergence of wasteland and eventually the aggravation of poverty and socio-economic fragility. In view of emerging policies, there was a felt need to bring about convergence, networking and harmonization through the adoption of compatible Soil & Water Conservation practices improve the productivity of natural resources in a sustained manner.
Natural resources management, in particular, the soil, water and vegetation resources in the context of the perpetual utilization and sustainable development of the said resources to improve and sustain livelihood system and to aid in income earning activities of the user – communities.
Pre – requisites:
In this natural resources management endeavour, it is important for the local partners in development, that is, the local institutions, community, stakeholders, users to unreservedly, voluntarily and actively participate in the different phases – explanatory, planning phases and upward. Secondly, it is also equally required for other development departments to willingly practice for ensuring convergence to bring about holistic and realistic development of the people. Lastly, the importance of public – private – partnership in up-scaling the natural resources management programmes required no emphasis.
Agenda of Action:
To ensure that the service – deliveries promote and meet and afore – cited aim and objectives, and mechanism to take forward the system is required. They are underlined as follows:
Organisational setup :
Programme Of The Department :
The programme/schemes implemented by the Department include both Centrally Sponsored Schemes as well as State Plan Schemes
A. State Plan Schemes:-
B. Centrally Sponsored Schemes:-
C. NABARD Loan:- Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF).
D. Other Government of India Schemes:-
Rashtriya Krishi Vigyan Yojna (RKVY) with the State Agriculture Department as Nodal Department.
E. Special Plan Assistance:-
(1) Cherrapunjee Ecological Project- Restoration of Degraded Lands Under Sohra Plateau
Name Of Schemes Under Soil & Water Conservation Range, Sohra
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