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For the purpose of achieving quality education and to remove the backlog of untrained teachers and with the implementation of National Policy of Education (NPE) in 1986, the District Institute of Education and Training were established all over the country. In Meghalaya also, DIETs were set up in all Districts on the recommendation of the National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) mainly to provide services in the areas like training, resource support and research in Education.
DIET, Sohra is one such Institute set up in Meghalaya. It is located at Saitsohpen, which is about 53 Kms from the State capital Shillong. This Institute was started in September 2000 and it became operationalised in 2001.
In the beginning, the Institute catered to the educational needs of the teachers of East Khasi Hills, West Khasi Hills and Ri-Bhoi Districts. However, with the creation of Ri-Bhoi District and the establishment of two more DIETs at Nongpoh and Nongstoin in 2005, DIET, Sohra began to cater to the educational needs of teachers serving in East Khasi hills District only. The course is offered only to pre-service trainees (wannabe teachers) who satisfies certain prescribed conditions laid down by the Directorate of Educational Research & Training (DERT) mandating them to secure a minimum of 45% and above in their HSSLC examination and must be below 27yrs of age during the time of application into the said course. Presently, the maximum intake is 60 students only per academic session.
Examinations at the end of the sessions were formerly conducted by the Meghalaya Board of School Education till 2004. But, from 2005-2006 academic sessions, the Directorate of Educational Research and Training (DERT) have taken over the same from the Meghalaya Board of School Education (M.B.O.S.E). Till 2005, the duration for the training Programme is one year, but since then, the programme course has been extended to two years.
The infrastructural facilities available may briefly highlight as follows:
(ii) Details of instructional facilities :
Details of the course that the institute is offering :
The main activities of DIET, Sohra may be briefly highlighted as follows:-
1. Training and Orientation of the following groups:-
2. Academic and Resource Support to the Elementary and Adult Education Systems in the District in other ways, example by,
3. Action Research and Experimentation to deal with specific problems in the District in achieving the objectives in the areas of Elementary and Adult Education.
For the achievement of the mentioned aims DIETs have been set up in all the Districts of Meghalaya. DIET, Sohra is one such institute set up in East Khasi Hills. It is located at Saitsohpen (Sohra) which is at a distance of about 53 KMs from the Shillong, the State Capital of Meghalaya and also the District Headquarter. The location of the Institute falls under the Sohra Civil Sub-Division. It was started in 2000 and it becomes fully operationalised in 2001.
Report on Trainings & Research :
Some of the major trainings and research that were undertaken lately by the different branches of the institute are as follows:-
A total of 75 (seventy five) participants attended the training cum workshop on SUPW, where the trainees were exposed to ‘hands on activity’ organizing themselves into individual and group works. The resource persons were drawn mainly from outside the institute..
A total of 100 (hundred) participants attended both phases of the training recording a 100% attendance. The classroom were organized mainly into group activities, allowing the participants to be more engaging and ‘hands – on’, creating a conducive classroom environment for ‘learning by doing’. The RP’s were drawn mainly from DIET, faculty members.
There was 100% attendance for the training on CCE, and the classroom was primarily activity-oriented, and the class was either engaged in individual or group work, where at the end of an activity, they were made to make presentation of their work followed by questioning and discussions. The RP’s were drawn mainly from DIET faculty members.
A total of 50 participants attended the training recording a 100% turn out. The RP’s were drawn primarily from DIET faculty members, and the classroom environment was inter-active, followed by questioning and discussions. The participants showed a lot of enthusiasms on the subject of their different roles as define by the Act.
The tools used for the purpose of study was questionnaires and classroom observation schedule, making use of appropriate statistical techniques like percentage and graphs for analysis and interpretation. Meanwhile, the findings reveal that there is huge discrepancy in the role perception and role performance of elementary school teachers of the district, and it is suggested that teachers must develop their teaching skills to manage their classroom environment and to make optimum use of their TLM’s.
Planning & management branch: -
The training programme on ‘Leadership Capacity Building’ was initiated by the Planning and management branch of DIET Sohra, under the leadership of Shri. P. Nongsiej (Senior Lecturer) and was organized in two phases for a period of five days each, with the underlying objectives of introducing the target groups to:
The main intention was to empower the participants with the knowledge of environmental preservation, necessary life skills and the important highlights of CCE in order to familiarise them with these emerging trends that demands immediate attention.
The target group was mainly Head teachers of elementary schools of the district, and there was a 100% attendance. The sessions were mainly interactive in nature where the participants were engaged primarily in individual and group activities followed by presentation and discussions. The RP’s assume the role of facilitators making use of power points, short video clippings, etc… for transferring of information.
Constraints: - The institute experienced certain constraints while implementing the above mentioned programmes and activities, and they may be summarized as follows;
SSA PROGRAMMES: - The institute is mainly involve in providing academic resource support to CRC, BRC members and elementary heads and school teachers of the district through orientation programs and trainings.
TEACHER TRAINEE STATISTICS:
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