The Border Areas Development Department came into being in Meghalaya after the partition of India and East Pakistan presently Bangladesh. Its main aims and objective is to help and develop the people residing in the border areas. i.e people living near the International Boundary with Bangladesh.
The programme taken up by the Border Areas Development Department is the Border Areas Development Programme (BADP) sponsored under Special Central Assistance (SCA) known as BADP Schemes. The main reason for implementation of these schemes is that before the partition of India, people living in the villages near the border had a prosperous economy as their produce found ready market in areas presently in Bangladesh, then known as East Pakistan. However, after the partition of the country in 1947 the people living in the Border Areas of the state resulted in economic hardship due to the stoppage of trade and communication with Bangladesh. So in order to make a better living for the suffering people in these areas and to regain the once prosperous economic life, special development schemes were taken up in these areas in addition to the normal State Plan Schemes. This special scheme is known as Border Areas Development Programme.
These schemes are implemented only in the notified Border Villages. There are 129 villages under Sohra Border Block.There are three criteria for a village to be classified as a Border Village. Viz. (a) It should be within the radius of 10km crow fly from the International Border Line with Bangladesh. (b) Degree of economic backwardness. (c) Dependence upon the traditional trade relation with those areas which now fall in Bangladesh.
Schemes that can be taken up under BADP:
Organisational setup :
Schemes undertaken during the year 2008 - 09
Schemes undertaken during the year 2009 - 2010
Schemes undertaken during the year 2013 - 2014